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Travel

Alhambra on my mind

Alhambra on my Mind


Historical introduction

The Alhambra was so called because of its reddish walls (in Arabic, («qa’lat al-Hamra’» means Red Castle). It is located on top of the hill al-Sabika, on the left bank of the river Darro, to the west of the city of Granada and in front of the neighbourhoods of the Albaicin and of the Alcazaba.

The Alhambra is located on a strategic point, with a view over the whole city and the meadow (la Vega), and this fact leads to believe that other buildings were already on that site before the Muslims arrived. The complex is surrounded by ramparts and has an irregular shape. It limits with the valley of the river Darro on its northern side, with the valley of al-Sabika on its southern side and with the street Cuesta del Rey Chico on the eastern side. The Cuesta del Rey Chico is also the border between the neighbourhood of the Albaicin and the gardens of the Generalife, located on top of the Hill of the Sun (Cerro del Sol).

The first historical documents known about the Alhambra date from the 9th century and they refer to Sawwar ben Hamdun who, in the year 889, had to seek refuge in the Alcazaba, a fortress, and had to repair it due to the civil fights that were destroying the Caliphate of Cordoba, to which Granada then belonged. This site subsequently started to be extended and populated, although not yet as much as it would be later on, because the Ziri kings established their residence on the hill of the Albaicin.

The castle of the Alhambra was added to the city’s area within the ramparts in the 9th century, which implied that the castle became a military fortress with a view over the whole city. In spite of this, it was not until the arrival of the first king of the Nasrid dynasty, Mohammed ben Al-Hamar (Mohammed I, 1238-1273), in the 13th century, that the royal residence was established in the Alhambra. This event marked the beginning of the Alhambra’s most glorious period.

First of all, the old part of the Alcazaba was reinforced and the Watch Tower (Torre de la Vela) and the Keep (Torre del Homenaje) were built. Water was canalised from the river Darro, warehouses and deposits were built and the palace and the ramparts were started. These two elements were carried on by Mohammed II (1273-1302) and Mohammed III (1302-1309), who apparently also built public baths and the Mosque (Mezquita), on the site of which the current Church of Saint Mary was later built.

Yusuf I (1333-1353) and Mohammed V (1353-1391) are responsible for most of the constructions of the Alhambra that we can still admire today. From the improvements of the Alcazaba and the palaces, to the Patio of the Lions (Patio de los Leones) and its annexed rooms, including the extension of the area within the ramparts, the Justice Gate (Puerta de la Justicia), the extension and decoration of the towers, the building of the Baths (Baños), the Comares Room (Cuarto de Comares) and the Hall of the Boat (Sala de la Barca). Hardly anything remains from what the later Nasrid Kings did.

From the time of the Catholic Monarchs until today we must underline that Charles V ordered the demolition of a part of the complex in order to build the palace which bears his name. We must also remember the construction of the Emperor’s Chambers (habitaciones del Emperador) and the Queen’s Dressing Room (Peinador de la Reina) and that from the 18th century the Alhambra was abandoned. During the French domination part of the fortress was blown up and it was not until the 19th century that the process of repairing, restoring and preserving the complex started and is still maintained nowadays. For more information:
www.alhambradegranada.org/en/

Categories
Travel

Scotland Castle Gallery

Scotland castles

This part of the interior of Brothwell Castle.
See the rest of the Gallery in the Travels section.

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Paris Travel

What do you think of when you think of Paris?

Paris

Eiffel Tower

Keep checking my Blog for more pictures of France

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Resources and Links

Happy 4th of July

Happy 4th of July From FordsFotos and Go-Daddy

Let Freedom Ring

An Independence Day Card to check out–
Happy Independence Day from GoDaddy.com!

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About Me Uncategorized

Lost a dear friend today

Here’s to you Evelyn!
I’ll miss you.
Doris

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Flowers Galleries Tucson

Rain in a Rose Garden in Tucson


It doesn’t rain very often in Tucson, but when it does these roses seem to glow in their happiness as the rain touches them.

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Backyard Birds

Backyard Photo Shoot–Camera not a Gun!

Backyard photoshoot;

Photos shot in my backyard.
Backyard birds so fun to watch!
Fun to watch the many and various activities of birds in my backyard. To draw the birds we furnish flowers, water, bird seed, and for the hummingbirds many sugar water feeders.
It appears this young robin was having great fun taking a bath in our bird bath.
Birds that are frequent visitors are: Bush tits, House Finch,Grey Headed Junco, Oregon Junco, Spotted Towhee, White Winged Dove,Eurasian Collard Dove, Northern Flicker, Canyon Towhee, Lesser Goldfinch, Mountain Chickadee,Woodpecker, Ravens. These birds we see between December and April. A variety of Hummingbirds come in late March and April, and stay until sometime in October or even later! Later in the summer other birds come, and occasionally a Coopers Hawk comes to check out any unaware feeding birds. One of my favorites is the Western Tanager.

Western Tananger
Western Tananger
Backyard bird Hawk and Western Tanager
Hawk got a Western Tanager

Black Chinned Hummingbird
Black Chinned Hummingbird at feeder
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Resources and Links

New reasons to update to CS5

New reasons to update to CS5

Check out Scott’s BLog for many reasons to upgrade to CS5
http://www.scottkelby.com/blog/

Categories
Flowers

NAPP CS5 Webinars!

Busy week watching NAPP CS5 Webinars, and so glad they are archived so I can go back and review.
Anxiously awaiting my CS5 to be shipped.

New blog to check out;
http://blogs.adobe.com/jnack/

Orchid Cactus blooming today!

Orchid Cactus
Categories
About My Travels Thailand

Lion Cub Flash Gallery

Eyes of the Tiger Cub
Eyes of the Tiger Cub

Click on Tiger Cub to see more Tiger Cubs.

Tiger cubs live at the Tiger Temple a few hours outside of Bangkok Thailand. More information on the April 4, 2009 “There I was in Thailand…” Post

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Resources and Links

Up-coming FREE CS5 Training sites

Up-coming FREE CS5 Training sites

NAPP announces their training:
http://www.scottkelby.com/blog/

Also check out;
creativelive.com

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New Mexico

Yes! New Mexico is Enchanted!

Yes! New Mexico is Enchanted
Click on Black Mesa to see more NM scenes.

Welcome To
The Land of Enchantment

New Mexico is truly an enchanted place. Explore everything our state has to offer – from breathtaking sunsets to fabulous local cuisine, New Mexico has it all. Whether you are a citizen, visitor or have a business in our state, you can find the information you need in the state’s official online portal – NewMexico.Gov

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Resources and Links

New and Old news!

Announcement by Creative Live today: They are adding many FREE online classes–Check it out!
CS5 to be out April 12, 2010

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About Me Resources and Links

A Few Plugs: Great FREE Learning sites!

Great Free Learning sites

NIK software
Check their Calendar for Daily classes and occasional Educational Webinars
http://www.niksoftware.com

CreativeTechs now Creative Live Check their Calendar for upcoming classes
http://creativelive.com/courses/psd2html/

Categories
About My Travels Thailand

There I was in Thailand…

In Thailand

Quite a Lap-Full
Hope he stays Relaxed!

So there my husband and I were in Thailand…(Click on images for larger views!)
The Theravada Buddhist temple is located in the Saiyok district of Thailand’s Kanchanaburi province, not far from the border with Myanmar, some 38 km north-west of Kanchanaburi along the 323 highway. It was founded in 1994 as a forest temple and sanctuary for numerous wild animals. In 1995 it received the Golden Jubilee Buddha Image, made of 80 kilograms of gold.

According to the abbot and others associated with the temple, in 1999, the temple received the first tiger cub, it had been found by villagers and died soon after. The story goes that several tiger cubs were later given to the temple over time, typically when the mothers had been killed by poachers, others who wanted to get rid of their tiger “pets” or those were under pressure to do so as laws and policies surrounding the keeping of protected species became more strict. As of 2007, over 21 cubs have been born at the temple and the total number of tigers is about 12 adult tigers and 4 cubs. As of late December 2009, the total number of tigers living at the temple has risen to almost 50.

The subspecies of these tigers is unknown as none of them have been DNA tested, but it is thought that they are Indochinese Tigers, except Mek (a Bengal Tiger). There is also a possibility that there may be some of the newly discovered Malayan Tigers and it is likely that many are cross breeds or hybrids.

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About Me About My Travels Travel Photography

Hello world! Introducing FordsFotos.net

Hello World; Welcome to Doris Ford Photography;
Ford’s Fotos Blog and Photo Gallery; https://FordsFotos.net and Gallery on FordsFotos.com in Adobe Profile, I also have a Smugmug site; http://FordsFotos.smugmug.com, and can be found on Viewbug, 500px, Twitter,and Instagram. Travel photography is my focus and I plan to show you award winning photos from all 7 Continents. Sometimes the photos will just be in a travel log vein, or reflect a current project on which I am interested. I want to tell you a story in pictures! All photos are for sale so Please view them and I hope you enjoy the photos and the text to further explain the pictures.

FordsFotos on the Lawn
Fordsfotos on the Lawn

Uluru Sunset